Asian Centre for Human Rights

Dedicated to promotion and protection of human rights in Asia



I. Overview

Led by Democratic Alliance of Nagaland, Nagaland remained relatively peaceful as a result of the ongoing peace process between the government of India and Naga armed opposition groups - National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Issac-Muivah) and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Kaplang). The government of India signed cease-fire agreements with both the factions of the NSCN. In December 2004, NSCN (IM) leaders, Issac Swu and T Muivah came to India and after a meeting with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, both sides reiterated to find a “mutually acceptable and honourable solution”.

Despite cease-fire, highhandedness of the security forces continued unabated. The State government and the civil society groups protested the extrajudicial execution of Khandemo Kiran on 13 September 2004. At around 1 pm, two Naga youth riding on a motorcycle were reportedly shot at without any warning by the Central Reserve Police Force personnel at a checkpost at Merapani on the Assam-Nagaland border.  Khandemo Kiran, who was riding pillion, was killed on the spot. His friend, Lilamo Lotha, was seriously injured and rushed to hospital. Although the CRPF personnel claimed that the youth were shot at when they did not heed to their signal to stop at a check-point, [1] a spot verification conducted by a High Level Nagaland Official team and statements of eyewitnesses revealed that the security forces opened fire without warning. The deceased and his friend had come from Bhandari to repair their bike in a workshop at Merapani Seed Farm Junction, just 400 feets away from the 61st CRPF camp at ‘D’ Sector. After repairing their bike, the duo tested it by riding about 200 feets towards the gate of the 61 CRPF. When they made a “U- turn” to return to the workshop to pay for the repairing charge, a CRPF personnel identified as Havildar Manowar Ram Kumar standing at the road side fired randomly at the two, killing Khandemo Kiran on the spot. Even the workshop owner testified that the killing was of extrajudicial nature. The Nagaland Police further alleged that the CPRF jawans had washed away the bloodstain before they reached at the scene. [2]

On 2 October 2004 morning, at least 35 persons died and over 100 were injured in two simultaneous bomb blasts by alleged non-Naga armed opposition groups at a railway station and nearby Hongkong Market in Dimapur, Nagaland. The platform was crowded with people, including school children, waiting to board the train to Bokajan in Assam’s Karbi Anglong district, when the bomb planted near the entrance went off. [3]

There have been reports of killings in the rivalry amongst different factions of the Naga armed opposition groups. 

On 27 May 2004, unidentified gunmen shot at a well-known Civil Hospital surgeon Dr Maong- wati Aier in the hospital premises in Dimapur in broad daylight. [4]

On 18 October 2004, hundreds of students from various educational institutions protested at Phek against targeting educational institutions and innocent school students by cadres of both factions of the NSCN. On 22 September 2004, a Class B student of Chokri Baptist School in Chetheba was reportedly shot while going to school. Another two students of Government High School Boys’ Hostel, Chetheba, were allegedly physically assaulted, an elderly man was mercilessly beaten and two school buildings at Chesezu were damaged by firing by cadres of NSCN-IM. In a factional clash between the cadres of NSCN (IM) and Federal Government of Nagaland (FGN) in Lasumi village under the Pfutsero subdivision of the Phek district in October 2004, several houses in the village were destroyed. [5]

On 16 December 2004, unidentified gunmen shot dead Naga Youth Movement (NYM) president Besulhu Tetaco and injured another member in Kohima. [6]

On 18 March 2004, hundreds of non-tribals, mainly labourers and traders, were reportedly deported from Kohima by the district administration for not possessing mandatory Inner Line Permits or valid documents. Hundreds of alleged illegal migrants were reportedly herded into a playground. Many of these people, their hands tied, were put on trucks and sent to Dimapur later. [7] While immigration and violations of the ILP pose serious problems in the Northeast, the State government often fails to take appropriate actions and abdicates its responsibility to non-state groups. On 3 August 2004, the Naga Students’ Federation (NSF) asked all the “non-local” shopkeepers to shut down their business establishments in Kohima and keep off streets following alleged rape of a four-year-old tribal girl by alleged Bangladeshi labourers, who were engaged in a Church construction, at Lerie colony in Kohima on 29 July 2004. [8]

On the morning of 22 November 2004, 45-year-old Keijangpao Daimei, an assistant teacher of Khoupum primary school was shot dead near the eastern gate of Chingmeirong Kabui Khul under Heingang police station. Later a statement purportedly issued by KK Pamei, security commander, FGN, Zeliangrong region, claimed responsibility for the killing. The statement identified the dead man as Gaichampou Pamei, and accused him of being ‘against the nation’. [9]

[1] . One shot dead at Merapani, The Assam Tribune, 14 September 2004

[2] . High Level Nagaland official team visits Merapani CRPF shoot out site, The Kanglaonline, 23 September 2004

[3] . Terror strikes in North-East - 35 dead, 100 injured as blasts rock Dimapur, The Tribune, 43 October 2004

[4] . Assassination bid on Dimapur doc decried, The Sangaiexpress, 31 May 2004

[5] . Protest against militant excesses in Nagaland, The Assam Tribune, 26 October 2004

[6] . Naga MLAs, NGOs flay killing of NYM President, The Sentinel, 25 December 2004

[7] . Naga students in deportation drive, The Telegraph, 19 March 2004

[8] . Communal tinge to rape slur, The Telegraph, 4 August 2004

[9] . Teacher killed at Chingmeirong, Kanglaonline, 23 November 2004