• Nagaland


    Led by Democratic Alliance of Nagaland, Nagaland remained relatively peaceful as a result of the ongoing peace process between the government of India and Naga armed opposition groups - the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Issac-Muivah) and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Kaplang). The government of India had entered into formal ceasefire agreement with the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (I-M) with effect from 1 August 1997.[1] Despite relative peace, the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act was extended for another year in July 2005 in Nagaland.[2]

    According to the Annual Report-2005-06 of the Ministry of Home Affairs, violence has increased with 192 incidents in 2005 as against 186 in 2004. However, the number of civilians killed came down from 42 in 2004 to 28 in 2005.[3]

    The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) of the Government of India reported that eight complaints were received against policemen in Nagaland during 2005. Of these, four cases were registered and one out of the four police personnel sent for trials was convicted. Departmental inquiries were instituted in two cases and judicial inquiry was instituted in one case.[4]

    The armed opposition groups continued to impose tax in violation of the ‘ceasefire ground rule'. On 8 November 2005, unidentified gunmen suspected to be cadres of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang)[5] allegedly shot at the former Nagaland Director General of Police (DGP) H Hesso Mao at his residence after he had refused to meet extortion demand of Rs 10 lakh. He succumbed to his injuries at a private nursing home.[6]

    On 7 June 2005, unidentified gunmen suspected to be self-styled “self-defence force” of the Chang tribe reportedly abducted nine passengers from a taxi near Tobu town in Mon district and later killed two of them. Eight of the abducted passengers were labourers of the Public Works Department/Housing department who were going to Mon district to collect their monthly wages.[7]

    The armed opposition groups also suppressed the right to freedom of association and assembly. On 10 November 2005, suspected cadres of NSCN (I-M) allegedly kidnapped 7 persons including Pfutserao Town Council Chairman Dingulo Khutso, Chakhesang pastor Nuvosaye Vese and village elder Puneru Chakhesang in Phek district. They were allegedly kidnapped for participating in a rally against the NSCN (I-M) in September 2005.[8]

    Women and girls continued to be vulnerable. According to National Crime Records Bureau, 17 cases of rape and 9 cases of kidnapping/abduction were reported during 2005.[9] On 5 May 2005, a 36-year-old school teacher identified as Sony Koshy of Mezoma Middle School in Khonoma village was reportedly raped and murdered by one Pezazoto. She was from Kerala and a mother of two children. This was the third rape incident in a month.[10]

    The media persons also came under attack. On the night of 24 November 2005, Xavier Rutsa, senior correspondent of Nagaland Post and Ato Liezietsu, President of Kohima Press Club, were reportedly shot at by gunmen suspected to be militants while they were returning home on a scooter from work in Kohima. Rutsa was hit on the hip, while Liezietsu was hit on the lower abdomen resulting in excessive bleeding.[11]

    [1]. Ministry of Home Affairs, Annual Report-2005-06

    [2]. Centre extends Armed Forces Act in Nagaland by another year, The Sentinel, 25 July 2005

    [3]. Ministry of Home Affairs, Annual Report-2005-06

    [4]. 2005-Annual Report of National Crime Records Bureau

    [5]. Glare on NSCN-K for cop murder, The Telegraph, 10 November 2005

    [6]. Nagaland ex-DGP shot dead at home, The Deccan Herald, 10 November 2005

    [7]. 2 out of 9 abducted passengers killed, The Sangaiexpress, 8 June 2005

    [8]. Kidnap slur on NSCN-IM, The Telegraph, 12 November 2005

    [9]. 2005-Annual Report of National Crime Records Bureau

    [10]. NGOs blame Rio govt for apathy on rape, The Telegraph, 10 May 2005

    [11]. Two scribes shot at in Nagaland, The Sangaiexpress, 26 November 2005

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